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Multicol

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Template page

Use this template to start a multi-column section of a page. For example:

 {{Multicol}}
 This text appears in the first column.
 {{Multicol-break}}
 This text appears in the second column.
 {{Multicol-break}}
 This text appears in the third column.
 {{Multicol-end}}

You can have any number of columns. Each column will be the same width, equally dividing the available horizontal space. Each column has a small (20 pixel) right margin, which prevents text in one column from touching text in the column to its right. See franl's user page for examples of how this template can be used. This template has one optional parameter: the overall width of the set of columns. This can be an absolute value (e.g., 12cm) or a percentage of the available page width (e.g., 50%). This parameter defaults to 100%. For example, to create a multi-column section of a page that is only 50% the width of the page, do this:

 {{MultiCol|50%}}
 This text appears in the first column.
 {{Multicol-break}}
 This text appears in the second column.
 {{Multicol-break}}
 This text appears in the third column.
 {{Multicol-end}}

The multi-column region is always positioned on the left side of the containing block. To change this, place the above Wikitext in a DIV block that has the CSS attribute text-align set to either center or right, like this:

 <div style="text-align: center">
 {{MultiCol|50%}}
 ...
 {{Multicol-end}}
 </div>

Related Templates

The templates {{Col-begin}} and friends do something similar to this template and its friends, but this template may be easier to use. Each of the following examples produce the same result (a 3-column table in which all columns have equal width):

 {{MultiCol}}
 Column 1
 {{Multicol-break}}
 Column 2
 {{Multicol-break}}
 Column 3
 {{Multicol-end}}
 {{Col-begin}}
 {{Col-3}}
 Column 1
 {{Col-3}}
 Column 2
 {{Col-3}}
 Column 3
 {{Col-end}}

</center>

It's simpler to add more columns to the {{MultiCol}} example than to the {{Col-begin}} example, because in the latter case, all occurrences of {{Col-3}} would have to be changed to {{Col-4}}.


This Template is a self-reference and so is part of the Wikipedia project rather than the encyclopaedic content.

Usage

A border of 2px (1px width on each side) corresponds to a 5%. Therefore, with a 2px border — like on Wikipedia:Tutorial (Wrap-up and more info) — the width needs to be 95% for the table to fit within the screen. Since it's possible that some tables might not have a border, correction on the individual page could be made after substitution. Another way do a two column table is like this:

{{col-begin|width=95%}}
|-
| 
Left column
|
Right column
|}

{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-1-of-2}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-2-of-2}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-1-of-3}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-2-of-3}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-3-of-3}}
Column 3 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-1-of-4}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-2-of-4}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-3-of-4}}
Column 3 here
{{Col-4-of-4}}
Column 4 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Col-begin|width=}}
{{Col-1-of-5}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-2-of-5}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-3-of-5}}
Column 3 here
{{Col-4-of-5}}
Column 4 here
{{Col-5-of-5}}
Column 5 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Col-begin|bgColor=transparent}}
{{Col-1-of-6}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-2-of-6}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-3-of-6}}
Column 3 here
{{Col-4-of-6}}
Column 4 here
{{Col-5-of-6}}
Column 5 here
{{Col-6-of-6}}
Column 6 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Col-begin|class=references-small}}
{{Col-break}}
Column 1 here
{{Col-break}}
Column 2 here
{{Col-break}}
Column 3 here
{{Col-break}}
Column 4 here
{{Col-break}}
Column 5 here
{{Col-break}}
Column 6 here
{{Col-end}}

{{Top}}
Column 1 here
{{Mid}}
Column 2 here
{{Bottom}}

{{Columns-start|num=3}}
Column 1 here
{{Column}}
Column 2 here
{{Column}}
Column 3 here
{{Columns-end}}

{{Multicol}}
Column 1 here
{{Multicol-break}}
Column 2 here
{{Multicol-break}}
Column 3 here
{{Multicol-break}}
Column 4 here
{{Multicol-end}}

See also

External links



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